Nowadays, Python programming is being used in every aspect of the digital ecosystem. From data science to web development, from machine learning to Dev Ops, Python is one of the most popular languages. Netflix is one of the companies that is using python programming in almost every aspect of their work. Netflix uses Python through its full content lifecycle. In this article, we will look at various ways Netflix is using Python programming.
What Programming Language does Netflix use?
How Netflix Is Using Python Programming
Netflix uses python for almost every operation in its content lifecycle. From recommender systems to security management, from statistical analysis to vulnerability detection, Netflix uses Python programming language.
Managing Machine Learning Projects
Netflix uses machine learning in hundreds of tasks across the company. It uses Metaflow, a python framework, to execute its machine learning projects from the prototype stage to production. Metaflow leverages parallel programming and optimized python codes to handle millions of data points in the memory and orchestrates the computation over thousands of CPUs.
Statistical Analysis Tasks
The CORE team at Netflix uses Python in their statistical analysis tasks. They use different mathematical and statistical libraries such as Numpy, Scipy, Pandas, and Ruptures to automate the analysis of signals received at alerting systems. Netflix has also developed a time series correlation system to parallelize large amounts of data analysis tasks.
Demand Engineering and Resource Distribution
Demand engineering is responsible for traffic distribution, fleet efficiency, regional fail-overs, and capacity operations of the Netflix cloud. The tools used for demand engineering in Netflix are built using Python programming with libraries like Numpy, Scipy, boto3, RQ, and Flask APIs.
The information security team in Netflix uses Python programming to perform tasks like risk classification, vulnerability identification, security automation to accomplish various high leverage goals. Open source projects like Security Monkey and Prism have been developed using python programming to perform various tasks in the information security domain.
Netflix uses Python extensively in its personalization machine learning infrastructure to train ML models. They use many python libraries such as TensorFlow, Keras, PyTorch, XGBoost, and LightGBM with Numpy, Scipy, Sklearn, Matplotlib, pandas, and CVXPY to facilitate tasks such as movie recommendation.
Netflix’s content delivery network is named Open Connect. Various software is used in designing, building, and operating the network, and most of them are written using Python. Most of the network devices used by Netflix are managed by applications written in Python programming language.
Big Data Management
The big data orchestration team at Netflix is responsible for providing tools for scheduling and executing ETL and Adhoc pipelines. Various components in the orchestration service at Netflix use python programming. For Example, The scheduler uses Jupyter notebooks with papermill to provide job types in templates. It helps their users to have a standard and easy way to express the tasks that need to be performed.
The engineers in the scientific computing department for experimentation in Netflix are creating a platform to analyze AB tests and other experiments. Netflix is experimenting with data, statistics, and visualization. Using Metrics Repo, which is based on PyPika, Netflix Engineers have developed a system where contributors can write reusable SQL queries which accept parameters. This tool serves as an entry point for any new analysis.
To develop new models for causal inference, Netflix uses the Causal Models library, which is developed using Python and R programming. To perform statistical calculations, Netflix uses PyArrow and RPy2. The Visualizations library used by Netflix is based on Plotly. It helps them to produce outputs that are consistent with their platforms.
Netflix uses Python for projects such as VMAF and mezzFS. With the media map-reduce platform Archer, Netflix has built computer vision applications using Python programming. Netflix also has outsourced tools designed in Python to help develop projects like Pickley and Setupmeta.
Netflix engineers use Python programming to create all the industry-standard animation and VFX content. Netflix’s integrations with Nuke and Maya are implemented using python, and most of the shotgun tools in Netflix are also programmed in Python.
Monitoring, Alerting, and auto-remediation
The insight engineers at Netflix are responsible for building and operating tools for diagnostics, alerting, operational insight, and auto-remediation. They are using the Spectator python client library to record dimensional time series metrics. Netflix engineers have also built various python libraries to interact with different platform-level services.
Netflix engineers use Jupyter notebooks very extensively. They use Python as the primary language to develop, debug, explore and prototype different tasks. Engineers at Netflix have built custom extensions for the Jupyter server that allows them to manage different tasks such as logging, publishing, cloning, and archiving notebooks.
In this article, we have discussed what programming language Netflix uses. Then we saw how Netflix is using Python in various programming applications. If you want to land a job in companies like Netflix, you will need to learn to code. You can start coding with python programming after reading this article that discusses various resources on how to learn python online.
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